Isil Akbulut, “ Inter-Organizational Networks: Do They Matter for Peace Operation Outcomes?”
A4: Poster—Willamette Ballroom, Friday, 6:00pm–7:30pm
Deborah Avant, “Netting the Empire: US Roles in Regulating Small Arms and Military and Security Services”
Tristin Beckman, “How You Respond Depends on from Where You Are Hit: Economic Crises and Policy Response”
Emily Bell, Adam Henry, Bjorn Vollan , “Working Outside of Collective Action: A Study of Strategic Relationship Formation”
James Ben-Aaron, “Connections Between Supreme Court Opinion Centrality and Author Non-bias”
While we do have overall centrality values for individual justices, these numbers are not overly informative. Because many justices drift over their careers in terms of their ideology, a single mean centrality score could be hiding a story of a significant drift over time in terms of that Justices preference for selecting matters. Thus, the centrality scores of a Justice must be calculated for shorter intervals to expose any evolving changes in propensity for citing to well embedded opinions. In this paper, theories regarding the utility of the centrality measure may be tested against these migrating values.
William Bendix, Jon MacKay, “Leaders, Factions, and Networks of Interests: Partisan Infighting among House Republicans”
To answer our first question, we use annual interest-group scores from more than 100 organizations to estimate the ideological locations of House members from 2001 to 2012. Specifically, we create a two-mode network relating interest groups and their annual ratings of all House members. We project this two-mode network to create two separate single-mode networks: 1) where interest groups are related by the similarity in which they score House members, and 2) where legislators are related by the similarity in which they have been rated by interest groups. Then, using a clustering algorithm, we detect stable sets of ideological factions within each party. To answer our second question, we see whether House Republican leaders in the majority provide rewards to members in their party’s ideological core and withhold rewards from members in peripheral factions. For example, we see whether faction members often have their bills blocked from the House floor. We find strong evidence that Republican leaders tend to penalize members in both moderate and extreme factions of the party.
William Berger, Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Jiin Jung, Scott Page, “Epistemic Sorrows and Triumphs of Representative Democracy: Condorcet and Hong-Page”
Rachel Blum, “From FreedomWorks to Grassroots: Social Networks in the Tea Party”
Joshua Boston, Jonathan Homola, Betsy Sinclair, Michelle Torres, Patrick Tucker, “Political Polarization and Lifestyle Differences in America”
Aisha Bradshaw, Skyler J. Cranmer, Philip Leifeld, Weihua Li, Caitlin Clary, “We Get By with a Little Help From Our Friends: Common Allies and their Role in Suppressing Bilateral Conflict”
Heike Brugger, “The German Energy transition at the local level - A Discourse Network Analysis for identifying fostering and hindering discourse patterns and network structures”
The Discourse Network Analysis (Leifeld 2009, 2012) allows to analyze networks present in discourses; thus systematizing the qualitative coding of documents and structuring the results of the analysis in form of networks. The Narrative Policy Analysis (Jones 2010) aims in making narrative analysis replicable and structured in order to satisfy the conditions for scientific methods set by Sabatier (2000). This paper shows that the two approaches of Discourse Network Analysis and Narrative Policy Analysis are complementary and can highly benefit from each other. The papers theoretical aim is to show how these two approaches can be fruitfully combined, while the empirical aim lies in identifying different discourse patterns and network structures to explain successful and limping implementation of renewable energies at the county level.
Jeffrey Carnegie, “ Leader Behavior in Multiple Simultaneous Wars”
Julia Choucair Vizoso, “Elite Networks and Authoritarian Stability”
Alison Craig, Skyler Cranmer, Bruce Desmarais, Christopher Clark, Vincent Moscardelli, “The Role of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Congressional Cosponsorship Network”
Alison Craig, “Strategy, Relationships and Shared Constituencies: Policy Collaboration in the U.S. House of Representatives”
Aysenur Dal, Robert M. Bond, “A Networked Violation of Gag Orders: Twitter Coverage of Banned Issues in Turkey”
Ryan Dawe, “State Legislative Committee Overlap: Effects on the Underlying Structures”
Ashlie Denton, “Evaluating the Role of Commitment and Narrative in Transnational Environmental Governance Networks in the Pacific Islands”
Marya Doerfel, Jack L. Harris, “Longitudinal Disaster response networks: The clash of institutional and emergent organizations”
Marina Duque, “Status in International Politics: The Formation of Diplomatic Networks”
Nicholas Eubank, “Social Networks, Ethnicity, and Political Accountability”
William Eveland, Hyunjin Song, Myiah J. Hutchens, “What "Don't Know" Causes Us to Not Know About Accuracy in Political Perceptions in Network Data”
The present study builds upon prior research to consider the distinction between having explicitly inaccurate political perceptions – that is, the belief that Alter B supports Candidate X when she supports Candidate Y– compared to not having clear perceptions of alter preferences one way or the other (as represented by responses such as “don’t know”). This distinction follows significant debate regarding how “don’t know” responses should be treated in the construction of political knowledge measures. Building on prior research that considered don’t know responses to be inaccurate perceptions (Eveland & Hutchens, 2013), we employ whole network data from 25 groups with roughly 15-35 members each to understand the factors that produce “don’t know” vs. explicitly inaccurate political perceptions within a voluntary organizational context.
Taylor Feenstra, Margaret Schwenzfeier, “Using Network Context to Detect Sarcasm in Political Conversations on Twitter”
Manuel Fischer, Karin Ingold, “Explaining policy positions on fracking regulation: A comparison of Exponential Random Graph Models on preference similarities of actors in Switzerland and the UK”
Jose Antonio Fortou Reyes, Anna M. Meyerrose, “Voting Networks in the European Parliament and Party Development in Central and Eastern Europe”
Lisa Friedland, Stefan Wojcik, David Lazer, “Keeping Congress Connected? The Influence of Staff Movements on Congressional Working Relationships”
Alexander Furnas, Devin Gaffney, “Lobbying Strategy Diffusion in Canadian Politics: a latent network approach”
Emily Gade, Michael Gabbay, Zane Kelly, “Militant Networks and Violence in Iraq and Syria”
Sarah Galey, Gioacchino Pappalardo, “Developing stakeholder buy-in for networked governance: Analysis from place-based reform in two regions of Sicily ”
Charles Gomez, David Lazer, “The Tragedy of the Network”
Sandra Gonzalez-Bailon, Pablo Barbera, “The Critical Periphery in the Growth of Social Protests”
Christopher Graziul, “Venues, Generalized Trust, and Partisan Voting: How Where We Live Affects How We Vote”
Jennifer Hadden, Lorien Jasny, “'The power of peers: how transnational advocacy networks shape NGO strategies on climate change'”
Matthew Hamilton, Emilinah Namaganda, Mark Lubell, “Policy networks and climate change adaptation in the Lake Victoria Basin: a multi-scale perspective”
In this evolving institutional setting, adaptation policy outcomes reflect processes such as social learning and cooperation among groups of actors seeking to develop and implement policy. We contend that outcomes are also strongly contingent on linkages between institutions stemming from individual actors’ involvement in multiple institutions such as legislative bodies, working groups and steering committees. In these multi-scale systems, patterns of interaction within scale (e.g., national actors participating in national policy institutions) and across scale (e.g., national actors participating in regional institutions) help reveal the underlying processes that drive policy development and implementation. Yet the ways in which these cross-scale linkages shape actor behavior and institutional performance remain poorly understood. Our research addresses this gap.
Michael Heaney, James M. Strickland, “Interest Group Networks”
Adam Henry, Thomas Dietz, “Learning to Manage Environmental Risk in Policy Networks”
Jacob Hileman, Mark Lubell, “From local to global: analyzing multi-level water resources governance networks in Central America”
Matthew Howell, William Hatcher, “The Shape of Legislative Committee Networks and their Influence on Public Budgets”
Douglas Hughes, Derek K. Stafford, “Social Distance and Clientelism: ”
In this paper, we present results of two levels of analysis. At the candidate level we analyze the demographic and social network factors that predict vote share. If the election of candidates is shaped by quality characteristics, we would expect to see well-educated candidates that have been generally active in the village political process garner votes. If, instead, vote choice is shaped by personalistic characteristics, we would expect to observe a relationship between connectedness and vote share. At the voter level we analyze the social network factors that lead a voter to cast a ballot for a candidate. Here, we evaluate how social distance shapes the vote choice, and find strong effect between social distance and candidate selection.
Eric Hundman, “Innovation as Disobedience: Xu Yanxu’s Defiance of the Emperor in the Sino-French War”
Jiin Jung, Aaron Bramson, “An Agent Based Model of Indirect Minority Influence on Social Change”
Julia Kamin, “Detecting “Selective sharing” of political information on social networks and its impact on polarization”
Zane Kelly, Michael Gabbay, Justin Reedy, John Gastil, “Choice Shift in Small Networks”
Sara Kerosky, Michael Davidson, “Familiar Names: The Role of Family Ties in Local Elections”
Brandon Kinne, “Bilateral Defense Cooperation and the New Global Security Network”
Brandon Kinne, Jonas Bunte, “Debt Networks: How Sovereign Creditors Maximize the Political Benefits of Bilateral Loans”
Austin Knuppe, William Minozzi, Jason W. Morgan, Andrew Rosenberg, “Arsenal of Democracy: An Empirical Investigation of the Domestic Defense Community of the United States”
Michael Kowal, “Getting to Know You: Lobbying, Trade Associations, and Corporate Networks”
Yanna Krupnikov, John Barry Ryan, Kerri Milita, “Gender Differences in the Quality of Political Discussion”
This paper’s main analysis presents the results of an original incentivized, group experiment. In the experiment, subjects are assigned positions on an abstract policy scale and they choose between two computer generate candidates who have positions on the same scale. Subjects are assigned different information levels with less informed individuals randomly assigned to better informed discussion partners. Women rely on the discussion partners in their vote decisions more than men do. This leads to poor vote decisions as they believe discussion partners who provide them with biased information. We also reanalyze a previous study which argued that political discussion can lead to worse voting decisions and demonstrate that result only occurs among women.
Chang-Gyu Kwak, Richard Feiock, “Is the text-based network method an alternative to the survey method?”
YunJoo Lee, “The Effects of Communication Networks on Youth Political Participation”
Meanwhile, academic studies of the political dimension of youth participation activities have been made across various sectors. But as far as the real youth activities for political participation around behavioral practice are concerned, the concept has been defined by a mix of social participation and political participation. In addition, previous studies have a common perspective on the role as a tool for strengthening the political attitudes and political participation to be done in adulthood, rather than as a tool for analyzing the political participation of youth. But discussing the political participation levels in youth and adults using the same criteria makes it difficult to present the practical implications of political participation. Therefore, the characteristics of the process and its definition of the political participation of young people specifically are necessary.
Philip Leifeld, Skyler J. Cranmer, “The Temporal Network Autocorrelation Model (TNAM)”
Philip Leifeld, Dana R. Fisher, Joseph Waggle, “Self-Reinforcing Recruitment Patterns in an Epistemic Community: A Network Analysis of Nominations in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment”
Debra Leiter, “Social Networks and Split Ticket Voting: A Quasi-Experiment in the 1990 German Unification Elections”
Mariel Leonard, “Achieving Social Stability through Civil Society”
Broadening the state-building understanding of institutions and of civil society development presents a solution to the instability and fear rampant following identity-based conflict. Civil society is rightly presented as the best option, however, civil society development as it is currently understood focuses on the facts of civil society, rather than on its mechanisms. This omission sees civil society as a 'black box,' from which trust automatically emerges, instead of actively seeking to build social capital. Emerging research demonstrates that associational life (e.g. social and professional networks) is the best, and perhaps only, means by which sustainable social capital may be developed between distrustful sectarian groups. By building associational networks and the ties of social capital connecting them, safe interaction is regularized, violence is de-normalized, and institutional participation are strengthened.
Michael Levy, Mark N. Lubell, “Innovation, Cooperation, and the Structure of Agricultural Information Networks”
Seunghoo Lim, Dr. Frances S. Berry, Dr. Keon-Hyung Lee, “The Battle for Heart and Minds: Constructing Longitudinal Risk Perception Sharing Networks through Policy Discourse”
Alexander Loewi, “Six Degrees Made Easy: Robust Sampling of Fragile Structures”
Rodolfo Lopez, “Partisan and Coalitional Structures in a Multi-Party System: the Case of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies”
Jia Lu , “The Dynamics of Civil Society Emergence: A Network Analysis of Behavioral Responses after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China”
Qinglian Lu, “Political Network and Career Mobility in a Large Bureaucratic System”
Matthew Maguire, “Private Business Regulation and Public Policy: A Network Approach”
Todd Makse, “Legislative Networks and Revolving Door Lobbying”
Kacy Martin, “Factors Influencing Parental Decisions: A Social Network Analysis of School Choice in Michigan”
David Masad, Hilton Root, “Tangled World: an ecological model of the international system”
Our work extends the model to capture key features of the international system, such actors’ unique histories and their ability to guide their own changes. We generate notional international ecologies, and observe the dynamics they exhibit. We extract the networks of cooperation and conflict that emerge from these simulated international systems, and compare them to empirical series of alliance, trade and conflict networks. This model allows us to explore whether networked coevolution is sufficient to generate features observed in the real international system, and the role of complex interactions in it more broadly. We also use the model to argue against the view expressed by some international relations scholars that international stability requires actor homogeneity.
Anna Meyerrose, Jose A. Fortou, “Voting Networks in the European Parliament and Party Development in Central and Eastern Europe”
Pauline Moore, “Enter the Neighborhood Bully: Explaining the Impacts of Foreign Fighters on Rebel Group Structures and Civilian Networks ”
Eric Mosinger, “Brothers or Others in Arms? Explaining Rebel Fragmentation in Civil War”
Fadi Mugheirbi, Dr. Robert D Duval, “Lobbying Affiliation in Environmental Regulatory Networks”
Hans Noel, Seth Masket, Gregory Koger, “Parties as Networks”
NOTE: This is a chapter for the Oxford University Press Handbook of Political Networks, edited by Jennifer Victor, Mark Lubell and Alex Montgomery.
Jonathan Obert, “The Vigilant Eye: Elite Control, Private Enforcement, and the American State”
Using an original dataset tracking the social network and career trajectories over 3,000 early security officers and participants in the policing system of Chicago in the 1850s, I instead argue that just as the police represented an important innovation in the public organization of coercion, this organization was not monopolistic. Instead, these forces co- emerged and co-evolved with the invention of an explicitly profit-driven private detective and security industry, with which police often cooperated and with whom they shared rules, information, and even personnel. Indeed, participants in early private detective firms in Chicago, such as the Pinkerton Agency, often held official positions as special municipal deputies, authorizing them to arrest suspects without the aid of
Katherine Ognyanova, David Lazer, Michael Neblo, William Minozzi, “Drivers of young adult political identity: the role of parents, peers, and presidents”
Talha Oz, “A Study of the 113th Congress as News Commentators on Twitter”
Sarah Parkinson, “Organizational Evolution and Repertoires of Violence in Lebanon's Palestinian Camps, 1982-1988”
By leveraging the concept of relational plasticity–the idea that social network ties are malleable in form, intensity, and content–this paper demonstrates how the spatialization of wartime violence in post-1982 Lebanon prompted the repurposing of quotidian relationships into the organizational realm. These processes produced divergent reconfigurations of formal organizational structures and practices, which in turn filtered back into everyday social ties. Specifically, different repertoires of violence in Beirut–initially under the Lebanese government–and South Lebanon–under the Israeli occupation–laid the groundwork for community based, inter-organizational fronts in some refugee camps while personalized factions emerged in others. These processes made new avenues for organizing militancy, interpreting community, and producing violence available.
Matthew Pietryka, Donald A. DeBats, “Is it what you have or whom you know? SES, social networks, and voting in two 19th century U.S. elections”
Susan Pike, “Policy Applications of Social Influence in Travel Behavior”
We explore transportation mode choice using traditional socio-economic, attitudinal and trip characteristic variables. Social network factors including the behaviors of close contacts are incorporated in order to investigate whether social factors influence transportation mode choice. Instrumental variables are utilized to address endogeneity concerns related to socially connected individuals making similar choices for reasons other than social influence. Our findings indicate a positive relationship between the transportation decisions made by an individual’s close social contacts and the individual’s own transportation decisions. We also find that participation in transportation programs may be linked to social learning; that is learning about transportation programs from friends (as opposed to other sources) may lead to higher levels of program participation and/or behavior change. Thus, transportation demand management programs may capitalize on social networks as an inexpensive and flexible means for the promotion of alternative modes of transportation in order to reduce congestion and transportation emissions.
Will Qiu, Paolo Parigi, “The Leopard”
Lauren Ratliff, “Political Socialization Effects on Network Selection and Influence”
I test whether the childhood socialization environment conditions individuals’ responses to political influence in adulthood. I hypothesize that individuals raised in partisan, high-interest political environments are a) more likely to seek out supportive environments in the future and b) less likely to be influenced by the social environment in which they live and work, demonstrating homophily. Furthermore, I hypothesize that individuals raised in non-partisan or politically disengaged environments, are a) less likely to select into partisan environments and b) more likely to be influenced by others in social settings; these individuals demonstrate a higher rate of contagion.
I test these hypotheses using two data sources including the Youth Parent Socialization Study (YPSS) and an original network panel study, which allows the opportunity to study both the selection (parts a) and influence (parts b) processes. This work unites previously disparate literatures on political socialization and networks and political behavior. Finally, it begins to explore the mechanisms, or the how and why socialization conditions both the selection of and influence in social settings, such as balance theory, cognitive inconsistency, and social comparison theory, among others.
Armando Razo, “Comparative Analysis of Political Networks”
Jacob Reidhead, “Two Factions, Two Fates: The Success and Failure of Regional Integration by South Korean Political Parties”
This study is the first step in a broader research agenda to explore both the causes and effects of regional political integration. This initial study establishes the phenomenon as described and conducts a preliminary analysis of causal factors within the political system. A second study will explore the relevance of kinship, civic, and professional ties to multi-tier political organization. A third study will explore the unintended consequences of partial reform and illustrate the ironic de-liberalizing of a national political system that ensues when some parties decentralize and others do not.
Jack Reilly, “A Networked Agent Based Model of Cultural Diffusion”
Matt Robbins, Mark Lubell, “The evolution of social networks in collaborative natural resource governance”
Derek Ruths, “Network-based models of the worldview of news organizations”
Virginia Sampson, “Configurations and Influences of Messy Governance Networks”
Anastasia Shesterinina, “Why Risk? : Social Structures and Mobilization in Civil War”
Aaron Shreve, “Arming for Respect: How Status Inconsistency Affects Arms Buildups.”
Amy Erica Smith, “When Political Talk Is Pillow Talk: How Gender Empowerment Shapes Political Discussion between Spouses Cross-Nationally”
David Smith, Anne Washington, John Wilkerson, “Attacking the Code: A Computational Approach to Discovering Issue Networks in Congress”
Steven Snell, “Picking Politics at Church”
Jennifer Spindel, “Logistics of Ballistics: Power and Politics in the Global Missile Network”
Zachary Steinert-Threlkeld, Delia Mocanu, Alessandro Vespignani, James Fowler, “Spontaneous Protest Mobilization”
Zachary Steinert-Threlkeld, “Online and Offline Activism in Egypt and Bahrain”
Mariela Szwarcberg, “Distributive Politics and Network Analysis”
Andrew Therriault, “Contagious Turnout At Scale: Household Networks and Participation in the DNC Voter File”
The DNC voter file is the most comprehensive available, with regular updates in all fifty states and individual turnout histories going back to the 1990s. What really distinguishes our file, though, is in the way we track changes over time. Since 2007, every single addition, deletion, and modification has been recorded individually, and these records allow us to witness the evolution of households and behavior across elections. Using millions of unique observations, we can look at the political impacts of changes to household compositions from marriage, separation, death, graduation, military service, and other major life events, to get a clearer view of the impacts of parents, children, partners, and others on individual participation. My presentation will share our findings to date, discuss how we use these results to predict future behavior, and invite interested participants to propose their own ideas for future collaboration.
Paul W. Thurner, Skyler Cranmer, Goeran Kauermann, Christian Schmid, “The international trade of arms: A Network Approach ”
Andrey Tomashevskiy, “Friends and Partners: Inferring the Global Friendship Network”
Oren Tsur, David Lazer, “Semantically Coordinated Networks in the Political Domain ”
Patrick Tucker, “A Constituent-Level Analysis of Home Style”
Jennifer Victor, Gregory Koger, “Financing Friends: Legislators, Lobbyists, and the Pervasive Influence of Campaign Finance”
Paul Wagner, Diane Payne, “Socialization or Social Selection - Cooperation patterns in Irish climate change policymaking”
Christoher Weare, Christopher Weare, Thomas Valente, “From Publication to Policy: How Research Gets Translated into Practice”
We are conducting a comprehensive search of tobacco studies, tobacco policy documents, and tobacco reports to build a database of articles that represent the field of tobacco control research, including articles that connection between basic research and policy. We are constructing multiple networks including co-author, co-citation and direct citation networks that reflect different manifestations of scholarly and policy interactions and permit the testing of specific hypotheses. We will then apply theories of the diffusion of innovations and the use of research in policy to the tobacco control field to understand which research studies have been translated into policy actions.
Steven Wilson, “Networks, Protest, and Euromaidan: Social Media Networks and the Ukrainian Protests”
Stefan Wojcik, David Lazer, Brooke Foucault Welles, Waleed Meleis, Christoph Riedl, Jefferson Hoye, “Performing Political Network Experiments with Volunteer Science”
Stefan Wojcik, “ShinyNetSurvey: An Interactive Network Survey Built on RShiny”
Jungmoo Woo, “Oil Exit Costs, Prior Intervention and Onset of Civil War”
Paul Zachary, Joseph Brown, Gordon McCord, “Sunday, Bloody Sunday: Northern Ireland Churches as Instruments for the Effect of Pre-War Ethnic Diversity on Violence”
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